Transport phenomena bird solution pdf

  1. Solution to Transport Phenomena- R BYRON BIRD
  2. Solution to Transport Phenomena- R BYRON BIRD
  3. Transport Phenomena 2nd Ed by Bird Stewart Lightfoot (Solution Manual)
  4. Transport Phenomena 2nd Ed by Bird Stewart Lightfoot (Solution Manual)

Title Slide of transport-phenomena-2nd-ed-by-bird-stewart-lightfoot-solution- manual. Solutions to Transport Phenomena (Bird) Second Edition (Full) Fundamentals of Momentum, Heat, and Mass Transfer 5th Edition Welty Solutions manual. Transport Phenomena (R. Byron Bird, Warren E. Stewart & Edwi. Solution to Transport Phenomena- R BYRON BIRD - Ebook download as PDF File .pdf) or read book online. Transport phenomena bird solution.

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Transport Phenomena Bird Solution Pdf

Solutions Manual to accompany - Bird/Stewart/Lightfoot: Transport Phenomena, 1st ed., Ricardo Oaks. Loading Preview. Sorry, preview is currently unavailable. You can download the paper by clicking the button above. Download pdf. Sorry, this document isn't available for viewing at this time. In the meantime, you can download the document by clicking the 'Download' button above. Transport Phenomena - Bird-Stewart-Lightfoot - Second .. Ex. 2 Transport from a Bina y External Momentum Balances Solution .

Cindy has been a writer for a number of years. She enjoys sharing her life experiences and what they have taught her. When I refer to it to help me interpret my dreams, it is seldom wrong. It inspired me to write this article. Below, you will find a lengthy list of dream elements and what they might mean. I have listed them in alphabetical order so that if you want to look up "origami" or "flying" or "teeth," for example, you can scroll down to O, F, or T below and find the interpretation you're looking for. For obvious reasons, I could not list every symbolic element here, but if you have a dream about something that is not on this list I highly recommend you attempt to source a copy of the book for yourselves. This list includes many of the most common things that happen in dreams, but of course, far more unusual animals, events, and ideas come up while we're sleeping, hence why this book is a very useful tool to have in your home. To dream of something abnormal, such as a horse with feathers or an airplane flying backwards, means you will shortly have a pleasing solution for your worries. A dream of going abroad by ship means you will make an influential new friend in the near future. Being abroad, in foreign places, indicates an unsettled condition and a probable change of location. This is an obstacle dream.

You will make valuable new friends. If your dream involved dealing or meeting with aliens, important changes are coming your way. This dream is trying to alert you to an enemy. Be very cautious in any new venture. No broad interpretation can be given, as this dream varies greatly according to its details, but it is generally warning against indiscretion in relations with the opposite sex.

However, a full ambulance signifies the fulfillment of your hopes in a shorter time than you thought possible. To feel amorous suggests a friendship which will ripen into an exciting romance, but if you dreamed of an amorous person of the opposite sex, you should guard against a relationship which might involve you in a serious embarrassment, if not an actual scandal. If the loss was to someone else, be prepared for some unexpected difficulties ahead; but if you dreamed of the loss of one of your own limbs, you can look forward to an unanticipated important gain.

This forecasts success, protection, happiness, and rewarding friendships. To see wild animals is generally a good omen pertaining to business, but the interpretation depends on their attitude: If you observed the interesting organized activity of these industrious creatures, a change of business or position may ensue, but if they were on food or on clothing, as pests, you will have a spell of frustration and hard work before achieving independence.

If you were aware of hunger or your appetite was small, a medical checkup is suggested. A large appetite may indicate money concerns and is a warning to handle money with respect or your finances could become chaotic. This popular fruit is generally a good omen, but the interpretation depends greatly on details. If the apples were ripe and sweet or cooked and sweet , they are a promise of well-earned rewards.

If they were green or bitter, you are in danger of loss through your own foolishness. If your arteries were weak or cut, you will be enjoying honor among your friends.

If you were assaulted, you will be given some information which will be of great value; if others were assaulted, you may have to defend an attack upon your character. A surprising distinction will come your way if you faced an audience; if you were in it, you will have cause to rejoice over the good fortune of a valued friend. Collecting them signifies a quick profit; signing them is a forecast of eventual success in your chosen endeavors.

The meaning of a dream involving a motorcar depends very much on its aspect. If the car was merely a means of transport, it has, in itself, no particular significance, and other details of the dream should be carefully considered. To observe one predicts some rather formidable obstacles in your path; a change of plan would be advisable.

If you were buried in an avalanche, you will have a spectacular stroke of good luck, but if you dreamed of others being buried, the forecast is of a change of surroundings. If the axe was bright and keen, it signifies gratifying rewards for work well done; if it was dull, it indicates a loss of prestige which could be averted by closer attention to your own business. If the baby was cute, you will be fortunate through the help of friends. However, if the baby was ugly or in any way displeasing to you, look out for treachery in someone you are inclined to trust.

A walking baby indicates sudden independence, and if you dreamed of many babies, great satisfaction and happiness are coming your way. Eating bacon means continuing prosperity in your life. Rancid bacon is a suggestion to see a doctor. Cooking bacon augurs a surprise, or gift, which will please you very much.

If you dreamed of baking anything yourself, you may confidently look forward to a rise in status. If the dream concerned a bakery or professional bakers, your year ahead will be prosperous. You need to be on guard against being cheated by someone you trust if you dreamed of baldness in others. Your own baldness is a health warning; get a medical checkup. Toy balloons signify trivial disappointments; however, passenger balloons follow the expected interpretation— ascending is favorable, while descending portends setbacks.

You will be tempted to stoop to some questionable actions if you dreamed of tending a bar. If you were drinking or merely observing the activity in a bar, it is a suggestion to interest yourself in community affairs.

The meaning of this augury is dependent on how you reacted to the bat. If you were frightened by it, you should avoid indiscreet discussion of your affairs, but if you were not afraid of it, you will be offered a new proposition which will be profitable. The interpretation varies greatly according to the dream's details.

You will likely need financial help if it involved working on a beach. Lying on a beach indicates that you'll soon be almost too busy with a new venture. If you were beating or being beaten by friends or loved ones, it is a fortunate omen for personal or family affairs; however, if strangers were involved, it is a warning to not procrastinate in dealing with current domestic problems.

Solution to Transport Phenomena- R BYRON BIRD

If it concerned the beating of animals or carpets, it indicates difficulties arising from lack of organization which are within your power to overcome if you concentrate. A strange bed forecasts an upturn in business affairs; your own bed promises security; making a bed suggests that you should expect some unexpected visitors.

Pouring or drinking beer is a good omen, especially if there was foam on it. But if the beer was flat or stale or others drank it, you are being warned not to be persuaded to enter into some unworthy intrigue which could backfire and damage your reputation. These busy creatures are forerunners of great good fortune in business matters, even if they stung you.

However, if they were dead, listless, or you killed them, you could suffer a loss by putting too much trust in "friends. A warning of hostility and jealousy among your associates. If you killed the insects or managed to get rid of them, your difficulties will be temporary.

You will receive unexpected help if you dreamed of begging or of giving to a beggar. If you refused, you will be disappointed by someone on whom you counted. Your success is assured if you dreamed of being beheaded; if the beheading involved others, success is still predicted, but only after discouraging delays.

You will receive disappointing news if you heard a single bell ringing, but if you heard many bells, the news will be joyous. Church bells could be a warning against problems arising from people pulling against you. Dead or injured birds are an indication of coming worries unless they are birds of prey, in which case the worries will be short-lived.

Birds' eggs in a nest signify money, while broken eggs forecast disappointment, and hatching eggs indicate delayed profits. An empty nest is a warning not to be drawn into family arguments. To be aware in your dream of the beak of a bird is a forecast of a change of residence, whether for better or worse, depending on the other details of the dream. You are being warned against indiscreet behavior with the opposite sex if someone tried to blackmail you.

If you were the blackmailer, you would be wise to avoid any type of gambling for the time being. Whether it involved others who were blind or your own blindness, this is a straightforward sign of deceit among those you trust most. Be prepared for a period of hard work against hostile forces if you saw blood. If you were bleeding, try to avoid any sort of controversy with friends or relatives; however, if the blood was involved in a transfusion, you can expect your difficulties to be very transitory.

Blushing predicts that you will discover a false friend; to observe blushes in others is a warning against repeating gossip. Meat bones signify business reverses; human bones indicate a coming inheritance; fish bones suggest getting a medical checkup. A fresh bright bouquet signifies a happy social occasion. If it was wilted, a medical checkup is indicated. For either a man or a woman, a dream of visiting such an establishment signifies an improvement in domestic affairs.

Don't expose yourself to any possible scandal if your dream featured the sight or sound of a bullet; if you were hit by a bullet, you'd better have a medical checkup. You will no doubt have news of a marriage, be invited to a wedding, or hear of a birth soon. However, if your dream was one of being buried alive, it is telling you to avoid doing anything which you know or suspect to be even marginally unethical.

Fire signifies a coming increase in prosperity, unless it was a very large building that was burning, in which case you are being warned to guard your finances. Traveling by bus indicates progress toward your heart's desire; waiting for a bus signifies setbacks which will be very temporary.

A bus accident predicts a period of frustration due to financial embarrassment. A dream featuring captivity suggests tension and over-strain, probably due to overspending and a warning to cut all extravagances, unless the captives were animal, in which case you should soon be finding life most enjoyable.

You can forget about great luxury, but modest comfort will surely be yours if your dream featured a railroad or cable car. See also Automobile. Whether the castration was your own, someone else's, or involved animals, it augurs eventual triumph over all obstacles and opposition to your aims.

A generally unfortunate omen indicating treachery and deceit among those you trust. If you killed the cat, you will defeat the purpose of your detractors; if you chased it away, you may expect a sudden stroke of luck.

An obstacle dream. If you found your way out, you can expect eventually to overcome your difficulties, but if you failed to get out, you must prepare for an escalation of your worries for a rather long period. Dreams involving cave dwellers are omens of marital happiness. You are being warned against carelessness with your commitments if you dreamed of being confined in a cell. Failure to keep your promises could lead to a loss of valued friends. If the cemetery was well kept, it signifies coming happiness and prosperity; however, if the general appearance of the place was dreary, you must expect a bit of trouble first.

No luxury, but a comfortable old age through your own efforts is forecast in a dream where you participated in, or observed, a chase. If you were being cheated, you can expect a stroke of luck; however, if you were the cheater, you can expect to be cheated. The significance of cheese varies greatly according to other details. As a general rule, eating cheese signifies success in love.

If you were making cheese, your current ventures will be successful beyond your expectations. This ancient game is an omen of annoying obstacles in your path.

You can expect a strenuous business period ahead, but don't despair; you can win if you persevere and vary your tactics by using a little imagination.

Oddly, a dream featuring chocolate drinks, candy, or anything of this flavor does not, as one might expect, indicate luxury, but it does predict good health and modest contentment.

If your dream involved being with children at a circus or taking them to one, it is a sign of exceptional luck in financial matters; otherwise, it is a warning to be more careful of the impression you make on others. An obstacle dream of warning: Avoid any risks for the next few months unless you were successfully scaling the cliff, in which case the augury is reversed and indicates satisfactory rewards for your efforts. You'll be lucky if you dreamed of cobwebs in a place like a wine cellar or attic, but if they were where they shouldn't be—for example on clothes, furniture, or books—they predict difficulties through secretly hostile competition; however, if you brushed them away, you will easily overcome the difficulties.

You can expect increasing success and security if you dream of a mixture of bright colours. If one colour stood out in your dream the significance is as follows:. An obstacle dream with a straightforward meaning. If you won the fight, your current undertakings will be successful; but if you lost or the outcome was indecisive, you can expect some difficulty and worry.

However, if it was a battle of wits rather than a physical fight, you can expect a happy outcome to an annoying personal situation. The more successful was the competition, the rockier will be your road ahead, and vice versa. It predicts a full and happy life if the corpse was that of a stranger. If the dead person was known to you, it signifies an estrangement or unhappy love affair. If your dream involved a number of corpses but without any particularly distressing aspect, it is a forecast of success where you least expect it.

If it featured a medical examination of a corpse, such as an autopsy, it portends an unusual new and interesting experience to come. The omen is especially fortunate if the costumes were worn by children or very young people. You will stand up to any test of character if your dream featured an act or feeling of cowardice.

This black fellow is an unhappy omen. He's usually a forerunner of sadness, though not necessarily grief. To dream of yourself or anyone else being cut by a sharp edge or object is a warning that indiscreet gossip or behaviour could be very costly.

Cool it! If you saw a dagger, you can expect news from a distance. To carry a dagger is a warning to be more circumspect in your actions or you might become involved in an unpleasant situation; to see others with daggers or someone stabbed by one signifies triumph over hostility. You will overcome your difficulties if you faced the danger. If the danger was of a physical nature and you avoided it, it is a warning to look after your health.

Be prepared for a setback; however, if you managed to grope your way to the light, you will achieve great success. If you were walking in the dark, you will recover something you had given up for lost. If you spoke with someone who is dead, you will soon hear very good news.

To dream of a death frequently signifies news of a birth. To be aware of a dead person you cannot identify portends an inheritance which may not be personal but could be indirectly beneficial. If your dream involved shielding or defending someone else, you can be sure your trust is well placed.

If you defended yourself or someone else defended you, you should avoid forcing any important issues for the time being, as someone you count on for support could suddenly fail you. You'll have no cause to if you dreamed about it; everything will come up roses before long. Strangely enough, these glittering symbols of affluence are not particularly fortunate omens. If, in your dream, you own them or are in a position to have them, they signify losses though not of a serious order.

On the other hand, if your financial position doesn't allow for diamonds, their appearance indicates coming profits, although perhaps not as large as you might be expecting.

To dream of being in or witnessing a disaster is a forerunner of improved circumstances. It's a happy omen if you suddenly discovered someone or something in your dream; you should soon come into an inheritance. If you were the one discovered, it's a promise of seeing new faces in new places, so get ready to travel. You'll make a gain where you expected to take a loss if you dreamed of yourself or others being in distress.

It's a good man or woman to have in your dream because a doctor forecasts an improvement in all departments of your life. You will get an enormous boost in your progress toward financial success from a powerful and influential personage. And if you don't know such a big wheel, you soon will. A dream within a dream portends a deferment of your highest hopes but nevertheless a definite improvement in your present circumstances. An unfortunate omen pertaining to business interests, unless you or the drowning person was revived or rescued, in which case you will get a chance to recoup your losses through the intervention of a friend.

To hear drums forecasts great success and to play them yourself signifies great joy. If you couldn't get out, you would probably benefit from a change of plans, but if you managed to escape, you can expect to achieve your aims in time, but only with diligent effort. If you see an eagle flying, your business prospects are very rosy indeed.

And should this noble bird happen to be perched in a high place, you will have fame as well as fortune. If you see it on a mountaintop, you will achieve beyond your highest ambitions. However, should the eagle attack or frighten you, you will have to overcome some difficult obstacles before reaching your goal.

This is a rare dream and its meaning varies greatly. For those who live in an earthquake area, it may merely indicates some minor difficulties to be overcome. However, as a general rule, eating with guests is a happy omen, but to eat alone is a warning to guard against a loss of status or valued friends.

If the echo was of your own voice, you can expect to have a strange experience, probably with the opposite sex. If the echo is near, you will hear good news concerning others; if far away, the news will be from a distance.

Help from unexpected, or even unknown, sources will be yours if you dreamed of these mystical, magical creatures. Tighten your belt and prepare to economize because you'll have some unexpected demands on your resources if your dream featured emigrants or emigration.

You can rely on having loyal and helpful friends if you dreamed of someone you knew, or suspected, was an enemy. You are in for a season of all-round improvement if your dream featured engraving or engraved articles. A definite warning to slow down. Try to avoid any situations which cause you undue anxiety for the time being and get a medical checkup as soon as you can. The eruption of a volcano or other natural phenomena such as a geyser forecasts a sudden change for the better.

This dream symbol follows the general rule that up is an omen of success and down is not; however, in this particular instance, the downward motion indicates a defeat which could be reversible by the application of intelligent determination. The blast of high explosives is a forerunner of lasting improvement in all aspects of your life. Strange or disembodied eyes are considered a prediction of a very beneficial change of events soon to come. To injure your eyes, get something in them, or be otherwise worried about them is a warning that someone is trying to trick you in a business affair.

If the main feature of your dream was the beauty of the eyes, the dream is telling you that you can count on the sincere love of those who matter to you. Crossed eyes are a lucky omen for money matters, but a squint, cast, or other defect is a warning against an illicit love affair. Animal eyes are a sign of hidden rivalry or jealousy in your close circle.

Blue or light eyes mean a new friendship; dark eyes, a new love affair. In-peasant or grotesque, unless amusingly so faces portend loss.

To dream you are washing your face denotes a necessity to be alone for some past indiscretion; better to make amends! To see the faces of strangers signifies an approaching change of residence. If you dreamed of a busy factory, you will succeed after a hard struggle. If you were working in the factory, you can expect some important and beneficial changes in your life.

Whether the form in your dream was of pixies, gnomes, or just plain garden-variety fairies, these charming creatures promise the materialisation of your dearest wish when you least expect it. If in your dream, you fell a long distance, you can expect the reverses to be general and fairly severe; however, if you landed without hurting yourself, they will be upsetting but quite temporary.

If you hurt yourself, you should be prepared to endure some real hardships for a time. To fall from a medium height signifies a loss of prestige; to fall to the floor as from a standing or sitting position is a warning of danger from false friends. If your dream involved others falling, it indicates triumph over enemies; and if you fell but got up again, you will overcome the obstacles in your path.

To fall into water means financial stress, but the water factor and condition must also be considered. A prosperous-looking, well kept farm in your dream predicts a life of abundance, simple pleasures, and good health; a derelict, neglected, or poor-appearing farm signifies a small loss of money, expected gain, or property. Although some of the ancient prophets believed this dream to be a forerunner to an illness, the more modern ones agree that it predicts a happy life of few worries and many pleasures and that the fatter you or others were in your dream the better the omen.

Eating fat signifies success in love affairs; cooking day indicates business profits. The meaning of this dream can vary greatly according to the details, action, and the circumstances of the dreamer; therefore all those factors should be carefully considered md correlated.

A feast, of the harvest or thanksgiving type as differentiated from a formal banquet has oddly, a meaning which varies according to the age of the dreamer; for the young to early middle-aged, it is a happy omen of abundance, but for the elderly or old it is a dream of contrary and signifies some unexpected financial difficulty.

The interpretation depends on the circumstances of the dream but as a general guide:. Suitable rewards for your efforts are predicted in a dream of being ferried across water, or of watching a ferry ply to and fro. If the feature of this dream was your own fever, the dream is telling you that the things you worry about most may never happen and that your futile anxiety is compromising your ability to enjoy today.

A dream involving high temperatures in others suggests some coming excitement which could be either of a happy or troublesome nature depending on the side action of the dream. If your dream concerned fever on children, it is an augury of success in your current desires. The basic meaning in a dream of fighting is change. For a business person, it signifies a change of enterprise; for an employed person, a change of job, etc. The degree of success or failure you may expect from the change was forecast in the outcome of your dreamed fight.

If your dream concerned others fightinh, it is a warning against waste of time and money in idle pleasure. Long fingernails signify difficulties with the opposite sex; short ones predict an unexpected gift; to polish or varnish your nails is a warning against impulsive behaviour which could lead to a scandal; to painfully bend back or damage a nail indicates a rather long season of discontent; to cut your fingernails augurs an increase in prestige; to file your nails signifies achievement through your own efforts; if you dreamed of biting your nails or of nails bitten to the quick, a medical checkup would be advisable.

The portent of this dream varies greatly according to its details and action, so all aspects should be carefully correlated, but as a general guide:. To observe a house or building that is on fire forecasts an urgent appeal for help from a close friend or relative. You can expect an exciting romantic adventure if you built a fire or stirred one up with a poker. To dream of putting out a fire or escaping from one predicts ultimate success over all obstacles.

A dream of setting fire to a house, building, or anything of value is telling you to control your temper or be prepared for serious consequences. A sort of dream of contrary, as it forecasts obstacles to the accomplishment of some cherished plan, and the more spectacular the display was in your dream, the longer will be your season of frustration. To see fish swimming freely in clear water is an omen of wealth and personal power.

If you were fishing in clear water and could see the fish bite, it indicates that you will discover or acquire some knowledge which can be used very advantageously. Dead fish either in their natural habitat or in a market are an omen of disappointment or discouragement.

To dream of catching a fish is an augury of success, and the bigger the fish the bigger the success; and if you saw a fish moving its fins, you can expect to be freed of any worrying responsibilities. If your dream featured carp, it is a warning against subjecting yourself to crticism by ill-considered actions. Eating or cooking fish except carp is considered a general good omen for your current undertakings. If your dream involved a fishnet, it means reverses if the net was empty, success if it was full, and disappointment if it was torn, unless it was torn but still had fish in it, in which case it signifies success of a limited nature.

Tropical or goldfish in tanks, bowls, or pools indicate ephemeral pleasures. To dream of seeing a variety of food fish live of rather uncommon species, such as salmon, trout, etc, indicates an increase in social activity and prestige.

A dream of trying to hold a fish which wriggles out of your grasp has the obvious meaning and you must be prepared to lower your sights or find a new liaison.

Oddly enough, really rotten fish are an excelption to the dead fish rule and are a sign of a sudden large increase in income. A dream featuring the use of a flashlight out of doors is a forecast of help from a new influential friend; a flashlight used inside is a warning against impulsive behaviour in the face of strong temptation. To taste an unidentifiable flavour is a good omen if you liked it; if not, it signifies petty arguments.

An omen of social success if kept within the bounds of good taste, but if done with malicious intent, it signifies trouble brewing in domestic affairs.

A marvelous symbol of success, prosperity, and all that you desire if you had no trouble staying afloat, and even if there was some difficulty, it only delays the success by reason of obstacles which you can easily overcome. To use a rubber or plastic float is a sign of reconciliation.

Fresh brightly coloured flowers featured in your dream, whether growing out of doors or arranged indoors, are an auspicious omen of great personal happiness. Wild flowers signify a happy exciting adventure. This is one dream symbol on which practically every source from Artemidorus on down agrees. If you successfully maintained your flight at a low to medium height, you can expect to achieve your goal without much difficulty.

If you were trying or straining to reach a high altitude, the dream is telling you that your grasp is greater than your reach and you would be wise to alter your course. The greater the profit or gain was, the more carefully you must guard your resources, unless you profited by taking an unfair advantage or by dishonest means, in which case the dream prophesies a successful business deal or the recovery of a loss. You may be buffeted by your current difficulties, but you will eventually emerge unbowed.

To dream of being a member of a gang suggests a tendency to drift with the tide. To be the leader of a gang indicates stagnation through lack of initiative. To be frightened or threatened by a gang signifies a period of depression— pull up your socks and try some positive action. To be mugged or beaten by a gang is a warning that you are on the verge of financial embarrassment; put a tight rein on the spending. Oddly enough, a dream of garbage is a contradictory omen and predicts a future success beyond what you now believe possible.

To see them—whether swimming, flying, or on the ground— is a forecast of improving conditions, but if you heard them honking, you are being warned that someone is trying to con you with sweet talk. The meaning of this dream varies according to the circumstances. If the ghost simply appeared, it is an omen of general good luck; however, if you were frightened by it or it spoke to you, it is a warning that some powerful pressure will be brought to bear on you to join in a scheme or activity which goes against your principles.

Resist the temptation with all the strength you can muster, and if necessary, get help from a trusted friend or adviser. A young girl whom you recognize is a sign of encouraging prospects; if she is a stranger, it forecasts some sudden surprising news. If a man dreams of being a girl, a visit to a psychologist might be helpful. Easy come, easy go is the message contained in a dream featuring the precious stuff in any form, e.

However, interpretation depends on action and details. Hiding it suggests that you are not aggressive enough about protecting your own interests; take positive action.

Stealing or counting gold is a warning that the love of money is a root of evil and can be very costly. Items made of gold, such as tableware, jewelry, medals, coins, or gold-plated items, foretell steady financial gain. If you broke out in goosebumps, the message is that you are jeopardizing a valued relationship by taking it too much for granted; mend your ways. No matter what the circumstances, this is not a happy omen.

A new grave banked with flowers is a forecast of a broken promise; a neglected grave signifies heartache; an open grave predicts sad news from a distance; to fall into a grave is a sign of lost friendship; and to dig a grave or to be aware of your own burial place is a warning that you are being thwarted by secret enmity. Strangely, a greyhound is a symbol of triumph if it was not running, but to dream of a running greyhound is a warning that you have bitten off more than you can chew and an alteration in your future plans would be advisable.

Groaning signifies some kind of financial embarrassment; make sure your tax accounts are in good order. If you heard someone else groan, it indicates a period of petty annoyances. Others being guilty signifies untrustworthy friends; to be guilty oneself or be aware of a personal sense of guilt indicates a need to make amends for some past injustice. Whether you saw, heard, or used it, any type of gun forecasts an injustice done either to you or to someone in your close circle which you will have to fight hard to overcome.

Loading a gun is a strong caution against giving way to temper.

Solution to Transport Phenomena- R BYRON BIRD

Gunpowder indicates a sudden change of occupation for a man; for a woman, it means an unexpected change of residence. Something that is not what it seems is a warning against gambling of any kind.

Whether it concerns business or love affairs, hesitate, think it over, and then don't do it. A very common dream action generally symbolic of some basic fear in the dreamer's life, such as fear of moral lapse, job failure, sexual inadequacy, or loss of status. If you fell a long distance, you can expect the reverses to be general and fairly severe; however, if you landed without hurting yourself, they will be upsetting but quite temporary.

If your dream involved others falling, it indicates triumph over enemies, and if you fell but got up again, you will overcome the obstacles in your path. To fall into water means financial stress, but the condition of the water must also be considered. Animal fangs are a warning of serious family troubles brewing, likely, but not necessarily, with in-laws. It would be wise to avoid any controversy or better still, contact with such relatives for as long as possible after this dream.

Sufficient money for necessities and modest social enjoyment are forecast in a dream of being pleasantly fatigued. Faucet tap. A dripping faucet is a strong warning to resist the efforts of someone who is trying to persuade you to divulge a secret.

No matter how strong the temptation, don't do it, as the breach of confidence would have much broader consequences than you can imagine and would be to your everlasting regret. A shiny new faucet predicts an unexpected satisfaction. All sources generally agree that excrement whether human or animal represents money, wealth, profits, or tangible value and is a lucky omen pertaining to material gain.

Suitable rewards for your efforts are predicted in a dream of being ferried across water, or of watching a ferry go to and fro. Fingerprints on furniture or woodwork predicts minor financial stress. Being fingerprinted for any official purpose signifies help from a friend. This portent varies greatly according to its details, so all aspects should be carefully correlated, but as a general guide:. Fire Escape.

Being on, or using, a fire escape is a warning to guard against stretching your resources. A flickering or diminishing flame signifies a disappointment which will probably be in the nature of a limited success; a definitely red flame warns against uncontrolled temper; a very steady, strong, vertical flame predicts unqualified success; and a very bright flame promises great happiness.

To be annoyed by these pests is a straightforward omen of deceit and malice around you; but if you managed to kill them or get rid of them, you will triumph over your enemies. Petty annoyances and minor irritations arising from the jealousy and envy of those around you; if you killed the flies or got rid of them, you will soon sort out the troublemakers in your circle. A marvellous symbol of success, prosperity, and all that you desire if you had no trouble staying afloat, and even if there was some difficulty, it only delays the success slightly by reason of obstacles which you can easily overcome.

It represents the dreamers basic ambition, but the interpretation of flying like a bird is modified by the details of the flight and its conditions, so the surroundings, weather, etc, must be correlated with the action, but as a general guide:.

An obstacle dream the meaning of which alters according to its location. A fog at sea predicts seriously doubtful issues in love or domestic affairs. A fog on land indicates a sudden business or financial dilemma which will require great patience and ingenuity to handle.

Transport Phenomena 2nd Ed by Bird Stewart Lightfoot (Solution Manual)

In either case, a successful outcome is forecast if the fog dispersed during the dream, and if it dispersed into the sunshine, you may expect an ultimate benefit. The sound of a foghorn signifies a swift release from worry. A woman's footprints forecast success in a new venture; a man's suggest extra caution in considering a change; children's are a sign of disappearing worries.

To see your own footprints indicates success in your current undertakings; a conglomeration of mixed footprints signifies help from an unexpected source. To dream of a fork in the road is a straightforward sign that you will soon be faced with a decision which will be important to your future.

An eating fork signifies a release from present worries, a cooking fork is a forecast of gay social times, and a garden fork indicates that it is time for clearing out the time-consuming clingers in your circle. To stab or see something or someone stabbed with a fork predicts a possible loss of status, so guard your tongue. A happy, fulfilled life is predicted by a flowing fountain, but if it was dry or just trickling, you must be prepared for a period of frustration.

No matter what, a fox is a strong warning of danger all around you from wily rivals or hidden enmity, unless you killed the animal or it was dead, in which case you will outwit the plotters. Having freckles or noticing them on others is a sure sign of popularity with the opposite sex. This dream signals upcoming troubles; if you dreamed of being a fugitive, you are probably in for a rather violent family row, but on the positive side, if you keep your temper within bounds, the argument may serve to clear the air.

However, if you saw or helped a fugitive, you could be in for a bit of a shock concerning finances. To see or attend a funeral is a cause for a happy celebration, probably news of an engagement or wedding.

Attending your own funeral indicates a relief from worry. Any dream that looks into the future or in which you are projected into or see yourself in the future predicts a sudden unexpected change in your life.

You can expect to have some difficulty in regard to a useful social contact if your dream featured a personal habit such as smoking, drinking, or chewing.

A religious habit suggests that you will have to be firm about breaking off a relationship which has become a drag. No matter what, ham is a good omen. Smoking it signifies a prosperous year ahead, baking it indicates that your current difficulties will result in ultimate good fortune, and eating it in any form predicts business luck.

To hear or see a hammer being used is fortunate; if you used it yourself, it predicts a satisfying achievement. A laundry hamper, if empty, signifies an emotional upset; if full, good progress is indicated. A picnic or food hamper forecasts pleasant family unity. Unlike tied hands, being handcuffed promises a release from worry. To see others handcuffed signifies security and protection, and to snap them on someone predicts an unexpected improvement in your lifestyle.

A season of good luck will follow if you dreamed of being hanged or seeing another hanged. However, to dream of being a hangman is a strong warning to refrain from criticizing lest you be criticized yourself.

To feel hatred suggests that you should beware of misjudging someone, but to be hated predicts an improvement in your affairs through the influence of sincere friends.

Headlights moving toward you are a warning that a situation you have allowed to drift is a potential danger unless you take quick action. To dream of heaven predicts a change which may not suit you now but will prove, in the long run, to be very beneficial. Returning from hell indicates that you will face a terrific temptation to do something contrary to your principles.

If you dreamed you were hiding, you are contemplating some action which you may suspect or know you may later regret; don't be hasty. Hiding some object or article suggests you are being secretive concerning a problem with which you could do with advice; confide in a trusted friend. A rusty hinge predicts difficulties in connection with family or personal affairs; a squeaky hinge signifies that you will have to combat some malicious gossip. A beehive is a symbol of prosperity and freedom from worry, unless you upset it or let the bees out, in which case it signifies troubles of your own making which will become serious if you allow them to.

Holding something in your hand predicts recognition in community affairs; holding someone in your arms indicates coming personal happiness. To step or fall into a hole is a warning against undesirable companions; reassess your relationships. A hole in a garment forecasts improving luck in financial matters.

A dream of digging a hole predicts a sudden trip, and to observe holes made by others indicates easier times ahead. To dream of yourself or others wearing a hood is a warning of deception by someone you trust.

Transport Phenomena 2nd Ed by Bird Stewart Lightfoot (Solution Manual)

Be more selective about where you place your confidence. Oddly enough, a dream of suffering the sting of these creatures is an omen of success in your current undertakings; otherwise, they must be considered a warning against hostile associates. If you were taken to a hospital or were a patient in one, the dream is telling you that you are in imminent danger of being overwhelmed by some load you are trying to carry alone; don't be a proud fool— ask for help.

Visiting a hospital or helping in one predicts surprising news. Being chased by bloodhounds suggests you should use more restraint regarding your indulgence in sensual pleasures.

An old house signifies a reunion or renewal of an old association. A new house predicts financial security. Building a house or seeing one under construction forecasts unexpected gain, possibly through a legacy; downloading a house indicates a short but exciting love affair, while selling augurs a release from pressuring responsibilities. An empty house or one being demolished suggests you are grieving over a recent loss, broken relationship, or missed opportunity; don't despair, time really does heal all things.

The sound of humming signifies news from a distance; if it stopped for no particular reason, the news will be startling. Humming yourself augurs a social uplift. Whether you were looking for something that was lost or hunting for game, the significance depends on the outcome of the quest. If you were successful in the dream, you will soon overcome your difficulties; if not, you will have to struggle yet awhile. If the hypocrisy came from someone else, you are being warned against making hasty decisions or judgements, but if you were guilty of the hypocrisy, it is a warning to guard your health.

Whether you dreamed of being an idiot yourself, or of others who were so afflicted, it signifies success in all your undertakings through your own intelligent competence. If your dream involved others being ill, you can expect to be upset by a broken promise.

Success in your love life, as well as your other interests, will follow as surely as the wheels of a cart follow the horse. A dream of being unfaithful in any way is warning you to be more discriminating in regard to your choice of playmates.

If you suffered from it, the omen is a happy one, but if you were guilty of it, your conscience is being gnawed by the worm of remorse.

Try to make amends. Receiving one in a dream is usually a straightforward prediction of a legacy to come. The interpretation of this dream depends on the details. If you were personally involved and you enjoyed the experience, it is obviously an omen of happy adjustment to your circumstances. If your dream featured others having intercourse, the meaning relates to whether or not your reaction was unpleasant.

If it was, it is likely you are repressing an emotional problem and some psychological counseling might prove beneficial; if it was not, contentment and success will soon be yours. This dream indicates that you are a worrywart and you could be your own best friend if you'd give up nourishing yourself on gloom and start emphasizing the positive.

A rather straightforward symbol which takes its meaning from the action or sensation involved. If you felt or were given a jab, it is telling you that you are standing in your own way by underestimating yourself; try to be more forthcoming.

However, if you were jabbing others, you must guard against a tendency to be overaggressive.

Remember that you can catch more flies with honey than with vinegar. Your difficulties will be short term if you escaped or were released; otherwise, expect a long, tough struggle. If your dream featured others in jail, it signifies freedom from worry. However, if the element of jealousy was directed at you, it signifies that some overt hostility under which you now suffer will eventually turn to your advantage. A contradictory dream that indicates success in your love affairs or constancy in your marriage, whichever applies.

Oddly enough, painful joints predicts an increase in material wealth, unless you actually suffer from such trouble, in which case the dream obviously has no symbolic significance. A time of trials, troubles, and thankless tasks is forecast in a dream which features a judge— either being a judge or being judged. However, you can console yourself with the assurance that the troubles will be temporary.

You are being warned to guard your resources and avoid getting involved in someone else's financial problems, unless you were walking in the jungle, in which case it indicates foolish romantic entanglement which you would be wise to cut before it becomes a serious problem. You may, from time to time, have to suffer some injustice in the form of undue criticism, but a successful future will surely be yours if you dreamed of the lady with the scales. If the kangaroo was jumping and had a young one in her pouch, it signifies an unexpected and exciting trip.

Hold on to your money— you're going to need it. If you were kidnapped, you are likely to be embarrassed by the company you have been keeping; a change of companions would probably be beneficial. However, if you did the kidnapping, you are being warned to guard your valuables against theft or loss, and if you can't do that, then be sure your insurance is in order. To dream of a kidnapping in which you were not personally involved is a sign of sudden important changes in the offing.

If you killed someone, whether intentionally or by accident, it signifies a period of severe emotional stress during which you must make a heroic effort to control your temper. Witnessing a killing portends a change which will not be entirely to your liking. Seeing others kill insects or animals prophesies help from friendly sources, but killing them yourself predicts that you will overcome obstacles through your own efforts.

The meaning of a dream kiss depends on the circumstances involved. If the kissing was pleasant and proper, a sincere token of affection, it predicts happiness and contentment, but if it was of a perfunctory, meaningless, insincere, or illicit in nature, it signifies a false friend or disappointment in a love affair.

Kissing babies or small children forecasts success in a difficult undertaking. Trying to avoid a kiss from someone you dislike portends a minor illness or vexing experience. A sharp knife signifies personal strife; a rusty one means family troubles, and a broken one indicates failure in love.

An open switchblade knife or penknife predicts legal troubles; a closed one suggests financial reverses, and a dull one portends hard work with little reward. To cut yourself with a knife is a warning that you could be embarrassed by a neglected creditor; don't stretch goodwill too far. Obviously another obstacle dream.

If you found your way out or were not worried by the maze, you can expect to solve your problems with a minimum of effort; however, if you were lost of frightened, you can expect to be frustrated by some puzzling opposition and a change of direction might be advisable. The interpretation of this dream depends on its various aspects, such as the condition of the water, the weather, etc. A dream featuring a narrow or country lane is a caution to be more discreet in your affairs with the opposite sex.

A swinging lantern is a warning of danger through indiscriminate sex relations; cool it! If your dream featured a lantern blown out by the wind, you are likely to have some minor legal troubles. Losing your voice is a warning not to gamble or take any unnecessary risk for the next few weeks.

If you were late, it's your conscience telling you to refrain from making promises you can't keep; if others were late, it's a warning that you need to curb your extravagance to avoid financial difficulties.

Molten rock from a volcano is a sign that your social life will become more exciting. You may have to juggle your budget to keep up, but you should find the effort worthwhile. To see lavender growing or to smell its aroma in a dream predicts pleasant affairs with the opposite sex.

If, in your dream, you were seriously trying to learn a new skill, language, or subject which you found difficult, the dream is telling you that you may have bitten off more than you can chew and you had better rethink your situation. On the other hand if the dreamed learning came easy, it predicts a rise in prestige through your own diligent efforts. Anything made of leather is, as a general rule, a lucky omen, but the meaning will be modified by the type of leather, the action, and the article involved.

This repulsive bloodsucker predicts that you are likely to have an unexpected demand on your resources, but don't get depressed— the strain will be temporary. A generally fortunate omen but particularly auspicious for those engaged in artistic or creative activities. Being licked by an animal predicts that you will shortly be asked to advise a friend or relative in a serious matter; be as helpful as possible but avoid getting personally involved.

Being licked by a baby forecasts a happy outcome to your problems. If your dream concerned licking something yourself, it indicates satisfaction in passing small matters. If you told lies, you can expect to have trouble due to your own foolish behavior; but if your dream featured others telling whoppers, it predicts help from an unexpected source.

Thin or cruel lips are a warning against making hast judgement of others. Beautiful lips signify a successful sex life and happiness in love. Thick, overly sensual, or ugly lips forecast failure in love but success in business.

Chapped, dry, or sore lips indicate a loss of status or business reverses. Children's or a baby's lips are a sign of true friendship where you least expected it. This is generally an obstacle dream, and its meaning must be related to the article lost and whether or not you eventually found it. If you lost something of great value, the dream is warning you that if you try to be too sharp you can end up cutting yourself. Family troubles are forecast in any dream concerning a lottery or lottery tickets.

Sincere love is a forecast of happiness and contentment through a healthy and intelligent adjustment to the conditions of life, but illicit love or sheer lust is a portent of disappointment or failure due to your own greed. Observing the lovemaking of others predicts success in your current undertakings. Suffering any form of upper respiratory discomfort is a warning to see your doctor, unless you actually have a chest complaint, in which case the dream has no special significance.

Any form of magic predicts unexpected changes. You are flogging a dead horse in regards to a matter of unrequited love or personal friendship, and these birds are telling you that now is the hour to give up this enervating exercise. New interests will soon console you. The meaning of this dream depends on your circumstances. If the maid works for you, it is a good omen if you actually have one; if not, it signifies loss of finances or status.

For a woman to dream of being a maid is a sign that she can expect to regain lost social status. If the mansion was luxuriously furnished, be prepared to accept some changes that will not be to your liking; however, if it was empty or in bad condition, you can expect the change to be for the better, although it may not at first appear that way.

Maps, as one would expect, signify journeys and changes. The more brightly colored the map, the happier the forecast. If you were drawing a map, the travel or change will have a lucky aspect providing you used a pencil; if you used a pen, it signifies complications. Toasted or plain, those mushy morsels signify an unusual new friend of the opposite sex. To dream of being a martyr is a warning that your greed could alienate those you care about; any other dream concerning martyrdom foretells recognition for work well done, either yours or that of someone close to you.

You can expect a sudden change of events which will make a beneficial alteration in your future prospects. Deceit from an unsuspected quarter is indicated in a dream of a person or people disguised by a mask. If you wore one yourself, it predicts that you will end up with a profit from a scheme intended to cheat you.

A mermaid is a symbol of your current love or personal affairs, and its meaning depends on the nature of the action and the general atmosphere of the dream. If those elements were pleasant, you can expect things to go well, but if they were unpleasant or generated a feeling of confusion or dissatisfaction, the dream portends disappointment. To dream of working in any kind of mine predicts eventual wealth through your own efforts. To see yourself in a mirror is a warning of deceit among your friends, and to see others reflected portends dishonesty in your associates.

An angry mob is a warning that some activity which you are being urged to join could prove dangerous. Be firmly cautious. If you dream of being aware of your own corpse in a morgue, it is warning you to take better care of your health. A medical checkup would probably prove beneficial. Any smoothly running motor is an omen of solid progress, but if it gives any trouble or won't start, it suggests that a reassessment of your aims with an eye to change of direction might prove advantageous.

Mushrooms growing forecast the accumulation of wealth through intelligent speculation. Picking the mushrooms predicts prosperity and protection; eating them signifies an improvement in status due to influential contacts. There does not appear to be evidence for an effect of tyramine — which is naturally present in chocolate, alcoholic beverages, most cheeses and processed meats — on migraine. A review on potential triggers in the indoor and outdoor environment concluded that there is insufficient evidence to confirm environmental factors as causing migraines.

They nevertheless suggested that people with migraines take some preventive measures related to indoor air quality and lighting. Migraines are believed to be a neurovascular disorder [5] with evidence supporting a mechanism starting within the brain and then spreading to the blood vessels. The exact mechanism of the head pain which occurs during a migraine is unknown. The diagnosis of a migraine is based on signs and symptoms. The diagnosis of migraine without aura, according to the International Headache Society , can be made according to the following criteria, the "5, 4, 3, 2, 1 criteria": If someone experiences two of the following: Migraines were first comprehensively classified in The diagnosis of abdominal migraines is controversial.

Other conditions that can cause similar symptoms to a migraine headache include temporal arteritis , cluster headaches , acute glaucoma , meningitis and subarachnoid hemorrhage. Those with stable headaches that meet criteria for migraines should not receive neuroimaging to look for other intracranial disease. People with migraines are not at an increased risk of having another cause for severe headaches. Preventive treatments of migraines include medications, nutritional supplements, lifestyle alterations, and surgery.

Prevention is recommended in those who have headaches more than two days a week, cannot tolerate the medications used to treat acute attacks, or those with severe attacks that are not easily controlled.

This is a common problem and can result in chronic daily headache. Amitriptyline and venlafaxine are probably also effective. While acupuncture may be effective in reducing the number of migraines, "true" acupuncture has only a small effect when compared to sham acupuncture, a practice where needles are placed randomly or do not penetrate the skin.

Tentative evidence supports the use of stress reduction techniques such as cognitive behavioral therapy , biofeedback , and relaxation techniques. Medical devices, such as biofeedback and neurostimulators , have some advantages in migraine prevention, mainly when common anti-migraine medications are contraindicated or in case of medication overuse.

Biofeedback helps people be conscious of some physiological parameters so as to control them and try to relax and may be efficient for migraine treatment. There are three main aspects of treatment: Recommended initial treatment for those with mild to moderate symptoms are simple analgesics such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs NSAIDs or the combination of paracetamol also known as acetaminophen , aspirin , and caffeine.

Paracetamol, either alone or in combination with metoclopramide , is another effective treatment with a low risk of adverse effects. However, individuals may respond better to specific ones. Ergotamine and dihydroergotamine are older medications still prescribed for migraines, the latter in nasal spray and injectable forms.

Intravenous metoclopramide , intravenous prochlorperazine , or intranasal lidocaine are other potential options. Ibuprofen helps decrease pain in children with migraines. Paracetamol does not appear to be effective in providing pain relief. Triptans are effective, though there is a risk of causing minor side effects like taste disturbance, nasal symptoms, dizziness, fatigue, low energy, nausea, or vomiting.

Topiramate and botulinum toxin Botox are the only medications with evidence in treating chronic migraine. Long-term prognosis in people with migraines is variable. Migraines with aura appear to be a risk factor for ischemic stroke [] doubling the risk.

These figures vary substantially with age: During perimenopause symptoms often get worse before decreasing in severity. A second-century description by Aretaeus of Cappadocia divided headaches into three types: While many treatments for migraines have been attempted, it was not until that use of a substance which eventually turned out to be effective began.

Migraines are a significant source of both medical costs and lost productivity. Calcitonin gene related peptides CGRPs have been found to play a role in the pathogenesis of the pain associated with migraine. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

This article is about the disorder. For other uses, see Migraine disambiguation. See also: Genetics of migraine headaches. Main article: ICHD classification and diagnosis of migraine. Prevention of migraines. October Archived from the original on 16 February Retrieved 15 February Simon, David A. Greenberg, Michael J.

Clinical neurology 7 ed. New York, N. The Journal of Headache and Pain. Neurologic Clinics. Diagnosis and treatment". Minn Med. The Headaches. Archived from the original on American Migraine Foundation. Retrieved American Family Physician. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 6: Dec 15, Companion to clinical neurology 2nd ed. Oxford university press. European Journal of Neurology. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. November 3, The Lancet.

Walsh and Hoyt's clinical neuro-ophthalmology 6 ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: A Greek-English Lexicon. Current Opinion in Neurology. Quick reference neuroscience for rehabilitation professionals: Thorofare, NJ: The headaches 3 ed.

Joanne Lynn; Herbert B. Newton; Alexander Rae-Grant The 5-minute neurology consult. Functional Neurology. Ropper, Martin A. Adams and Victor's principles of neurology 9 ed. New York: McGraw-Hill Medical. Chapter Emergency Medicine: McGraw-Hill Companies. Adolescent medicine. Philadelphia, PA: Tepper The Cleveland Clinic manual of headache therapy. Wolff's headache and other head pain 7 ed. Oxford University Press. Current Pain and Headache Reports.

Lisak; Daniel D. Truong; William Carroll; Roongroj Bhidayasiri International neurology: Chichester, UK: Glaser Neuro-ophthalmology 3 ed.

Sirven; Barbara L. Malamut Clinical neurology of the older adult 2 ed. June Imitators of Epilepsy 2 ed. Demos Medical. Semin Neurol. July Human Genetics. September Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics. Apr 22, Revue Neurologique. The International Journal of Neuroscience.

Curr Pain Headache Rep. May Neurological Sciences. Nutrition Reviews. April Schmerz in German. The Clinical Journal of Pain. Archived PDF from the original on Journal of the American Academy of Nurse Practicioners. A Journal of Neurology. A debate". Nov An International Journal of Headache. Lancet Neurology. Nature Reviews Neuroscience.

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